The wine history of the area dates back to the early eighteenth century. A short time in the hands of Nicolas-Alexandre, Marquis de Segur, it really starts in 1720 when Joseph bought Brane Family de Segur, the Barony of Mouton. It then renames the Brane-Mouton area and works successfully develop the vineyard. The wines of Brane-Mouton acquire a good reputation and that of their price reaches 2nd wines at the end of the century. In 1830, the estate was sold to a Parisian banker Isaac Thuret. Set management, then the area is experiencing a very favorable period. In 1853 it was acquired by Nathaniel de Rothschild, banker from the English branch of the family but moved to Paris in 1850. The estate then resumes its advance but sees his wine ranked second vintage in 1855 when he could have deserved the rank of first.
James, son of Nathaniel, inherits in 1870 and built the current castle as the "Little Sheep". Everything changed in 1922 when Philippe de Rothschild takes the area of responsibility of which he became sole owner in 1947. It is indeed the first family member who can devote themselves fully to the property. Enterprising and innovative, it is the source of decisive changes. From the vintage 1924, it allows the castle, among the first of Bordeaux, to set up the wine in bottles, then practice that prevail in all quality castles. Found it impossible to market under the name of the great wine but good quality, it markets the 1930 vintage as the "Mouton Cadet", which will serve a time of "second wine" Mouton before becoming a wine brand.
The commercial success of Mouton Cadet was such that he almost immediately had to call on other sources of grapes well over 2 Crus vineyards while remaining high in Mouton (over 3 million bottles are sold in 1975! ). The Baron Philippe extends the field and buys the neighboring Armailhac castle in 1933. From 1945, he transforms the Mouton label into art by making each year draw a label by a renowned artist. He created there in 1962 with his wife Pauline, the "Museum of Wine in Art". Finally, exceptional, it just gets reclassification of wine as premier cru in 1973 transforming the currency of Sheep "Premier can not, second only deign, Mouton am" in "First I am, second I was, Mouton does not change." Following the death of Baron Philippe in 1988, his daughter, Baroness Philippine and her children are in charge of the area. Significant work is underway in 2011 to rebuild the winery. The general management and technical is guaranteed since 2004 by Philippe Dhalluin which is advised by Jacques and Eric Boissenot, famous winemakers of the Médoc.
Located in Poulayet at the northwest exit of Pauillac, Lafite and adjoining, the vineyard of 84 hectares, beautifully exposed on the side of a small hill 40m, spans the deep gravel soils basement limestone. The planting consists of Cabernet Sauvignon (83%), Merlot (14%) and Cabernet Franc (3%). The average age of the vines is high (44 years) as planting density (10,000 plants / ha). Cultures are conducted traditionally and conducted with the greatest care with constant monitoring.
The estate produces a second wine since 1993 "Le Petit Mouton de Mouton-Rothschild" and that since the 80's and in small quantities, a white wine in Bordeaux appellation "Silver Wing".